Dot, dot, comma, dash – aged three to four, your kid will start drawing his/her first pictures of people. Before, during the so-called scribbling stage (starting age one), he or she will have discovered that he/she can leave marks with a pencil. Kids enhance these new skills by performing swinging and rhythmic arm and hand movements on various surfaces – to parents‘ dismay, such painting surfaces also include walls, tables and objects of particular personal value.
The first human being drawn by your child will probably look like a tadpole. This development stage is characterised by the ubiquitous circle – mostly with facial features – with arms and legs emerging directly from the head. Your kid will also draw his/her first animals, houses and trees.
The stage of pre-symbolism starts at the age of four when objects drawn on a sheet of paper are represented in a more structured and detailed fashion. When drawing pictures, your child wants to get as close as possible to the real thing while making more and more efforts to create something recognisable. Picture elements are related to each other – strings of action and narrative structures come into being.
The fifth year of life sees the beginning of the so-called phase of intellectual maturity. Your child will more consciously employ drawings for communication purposes – both the layout and the motifs in the image may convey a certain mood, to give but one example. In this context, your child will rely on its own graphic translations of persons and objects. Due to the fact that this variety of shapes and image concepts is based on the child’s individual experiences, every kid will find his or her own specific mode of expression.